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Whitmore Knights

Sir GEORGE WHITMORE (b.c. 1560, d. 1664)

Lord mayor of London, was the third son of William Whitmore (d. 8 Aug. 1593), a London merchant, by his wife Anne (d. 9 Oct. 1615), daughter of Sir William Bond, an a alderman of London. He was master of the Haberdashers' Company, and on 23 May 1609 became a member of the Virginia Company under the second charter. He served the office of sheriff of London in 1621-2, and was alderman of the ward of Farringdon Within from 2 June 1621 to 7 Nov. 1626, when he exchanged to Langbourne ward, of which he was alderman until May 1643. On 7 July 1626 he and his elder brother, Sir William Whitmore, received a grant of the manor of Bridgwater Castle, with Heygrove in Somerset (Cal. State Papers, Dom. 1625-6, pp. 369, 569).

In 1631 he was chosen lord mayor of London, and on. 27 May 1632 he was knighted. The pageants which celebrated his entry into office are detailed in a pamphlet preserved in the Huth Library,entitled 'Londons Ius Honorarium'(London, 1631, 4to), compiled by Thomas Heywood (d. 1660?) [q. v.] (cf. CORSER., Collectanea,iv. 267). On 5 May l637 he was appointed a commissioner to carry out the statute of Henry VIII for encouraging the use of the long bow and suppressing unlawful games (Cal. State Papers, Dam. 1637, p. 86).

Whitmore was an ardent loyalist, and on 25 Nov. 1641 the king passed through his grounds at Balmes in Hackney on his return from Scotland. In 1642 he was imprisoned in Crosby House as a delinquent (ib. 1641-3, p. 403), and, although he was shortly released, he was reimprisoned on 20 Jan l642-1643 for refusing to pay the taxes levied by parliament. His estate was sequestered for some time, but he finally obtained his discharge from the committee of sequestrations, and on 22 Oct l651 was commanded to lay his discharge before the committee for compounding (Cal. Comm. For Compounding, p. 491).

He died at Balmes on 12 Dec. 1654, and was buried at St. Mary Magdalen, Milk Street, on 6 Jan. He married Mary (1616-1657), eldest daughter of Richard Daniel of Truro. By her he had three sons - Charles, George, and William - and four daughters: Elizabeth, married to Sir John Weld of Willey; Anne, married to Sir John Robinson, lordmayor of London; Margaret, married to Sir Charles Kemys; and Mary.

[Boase and Courtney's Biblioth. Cornub. 1874; Brown's Genesis of the United States, 1890, i. 228, ii. 1052; Whitmore's Notes on the Manor and Family of Whitmore, 1856, pp. 8, 9; Robinson's Hist. and Antiq. of Hackney, 1842, I. 154-162; Courtney'. Guide to Penzance, 1845, App. p. 80; Gent. Mag. 1826, i. 131; Papys's Diary and Corresp. ed. Braybrooke, ii. 293, 377. iv. 442; Funeral Sermon by Anthony Farindon, appended to his Thirty Sermons. 1657.] E.L.C. (see ref 1).

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Sir GEORGE STODDART WHITMORE (b. l830, d. l903)

Major-general, commandant of forces in New Zealand, born at Malta on 1 Mar 1830, was son of Major George St. Vincent Whitmore, R.E., and grandson of General Sir George Whitmore (1773-1862), K.C.H, colonel-commandant R.E. His mother was Isabella, daughter of Sir John Stoddart [q. v.], chief justice of Malta. Educated at Edinburgh Academy and at the Staff College, he achieved some success, and entered the army in 1847 as ensign in the Cape mounted rifles. He became lieutenant in May 1850, captain in July 1854, and brevet-major in June 1856. He distinguished himself in the Kaffir wars of 1847 and 1851-3, and was present at the defeat of the Boers at Boem Plaata in 1848. In 1855-6 he served with distinction in the Crimea, receiving the fourth class of the Mejidie.

In 1861 he went to New Zealand as military secretary to Sir Duncan Alexander Cameron [q. v. Suppl. I], then in command of the English forces engaged in the Maori war. In the succeeding year he resigned his position in the army in order to buy and farm a run in Hawke's Bay. During 1865 the natives were in active revolt in this district. Whitmore, who complied with a request to take command of the Hawke's Bay militia on the east coast, decisively defeated the Maoris, at Omaranui (October 1866), and thus secured peace for eighteen months. In June 1868 the war started again on the west coast, and in July Whitmore was sent in pursuit of an active minor chief called Te Kooti, at the head of the volunteers and a detachment of armed constabulary. He overtook the enemy at Ruakiture on 8 Aug., and an indecisive engagement followed. Te Kooti, although wounded in the foot, escaped, and Whitmore was obliged to fall back in order to procure supplies.

Shortly afterwards, on the west coast, Whitmore served under Colonel McDonnell, an officer who was his junior, in order to restore his prestige after defeat. On McDonnell's withdrawal on leave of absence, Whitmore assumed the command, and on 5 Nov. 1868 was defeated by Titokowaru at Moturoa. Summoned straightway to the east coast to oppose Te Kooti, who, after some fresh successes, had fortified himself in a pa on the crest of a hill called Ngatapa. Whitmore joined forces with the friendly natives and invested the pa, which after five days' siege fell on 3 January 1869; 136 Hau-Haus were killed, but Te Kooti escaped. This was the last important engagement fought in New Zealand. Whitmore left Ropata, the leader of the friendly Maori, to deal with Te Kooti, and returned to Wanganui to pursue Titokowaru. He succeeded in chasing the enemy northwards out of the disputed territories until they took refuge in the interior, where, as they were now powerless, he left them alone. Then, sent against Te Kooti, who had started another insurrection in the Uriwera district, he seemed on the point of victory when the Stafford ministry fell, and the new premier, Fox, removed him from his command. Whitmore published an account of 'The Last Maori War in New Zealand' (1902); he stated that he retired through illness.

From 1863 Whittnore sat on the legislative council, where he supported Sir Edward William Stafford [q. v. Suppl. II] and the war policy. In 1870 he protested against the immigration and public works bill. From 18 October 1877 to October 1879 he was colonial secretary and defence minister under Sir George Grey. In 1879 he went to Taranaki with Grey and the governor to deal with the disturbance created by Te Whiti. On 16 Aug. 1874 he became a member of the Stout-Vogel cabinet without a portfolio, but, owing to jealousy between the provinces of Auckland and Canterbury, the government was defeated at the end of a fortnight. On 5 Sept. Stout and Vogel returned to power and Whitmore was created commandant of the colonial forces and commissioner of the armed constabulary, with the rank of major-general. This was the first time the honour had been conferred in New Zealand on an officer of the colonial troops. He was created C.M.G. in 1869, K.C.M.G. in 1882. He visited England in 1902 in order to publish his book on the Maori war. He returned to New Zealand in February 1903. He died at The Blue Cottage, Napier, Hawke's Bay, New Zealand, on 16 March 1903, and was buried in Napier Cemetery.

In 1865 he married Isabella, daughter of William Smith of Roxoth, near Rugby, England. He left no Issue.

 [W. Pember Reeves's The Long White Cloud; Rusden's New Zealand; Mennell's Australas: Biog.; Gisborne, New Zealand Rulers, 1887 (with portrait); Whitmore, Last Maori War; New Zealand Times, Welling Evening Post, and Christchurch Press, 17 March 1903.] A. B. W. (see ref 1).

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Sir Francis Henry Douglas Charlton Whitmore, 1st Bt (UK), so cr 28 June 1954, KCB (1941), CMG (1918), DSO (1917), TD (1918), JP (Essex 1899), DL (Essex 1907); b 20 April 1872; educ Eton; Ld Manors of Orsett, Stifford, Coringham, N Benfleet and Little Thurrock; Lt 1st Essex Vols RA 1892-95, Maj Essex Imp Yeo 1901, memb Essex TAA 1908-62 (chm 1929-36, pres 1936-62), WW I (despatches four times) as Lt-Col cmdg Essex Yeo 1915-18 and 10th (PWO) Roy Hus 1918-19, memb TA Advsy Ctee War Off 1935-37, Hon Col Essex Gp AA Searchlight Cos RE 1926-33, 104th (Essex Yeo) Regt RHA 1936-47, 147th (Essex Yeo) Field Regt RA 1940-47, 17th Light AA Regt RA 1941, 517th Light AA Regt RA 1947, 304th (Essex Yeo) Field Regt RA 1947-50, WW II as Hon Cdr Essex Zone HG 1940, Hon Cdr J and K Zones HG London Dist 1940, with RA Field and Light AA Regts, memb Allotments Advsy Ctee Min Ag 1924-48; CC Essex 1918-26, High Sheriff Essex 1922, Ld Lt Essex and Custos Rotulorum 1936-58, KGStJ 1936, KJStJ 1937; m 1st 28 June 1900 Violet Frances Elisabeth, OBE (d 13 June 1927), yst dau of Sir William Henry Houldsworth, 1st Bt (qv); m 2nd 1 Oct 1931 *Ellis Christense, DStJ [Ellis Lady Whitmore, 7 Parc de Bude, Geneva, Switzerland], dau of Herr Direktor Knud Christian Johnsen, of Bergen, Norway, and d 12 June 1962 (see ref 2), leaving by her:

1 Sir JOHN HENRY DOUGLAS WHITMORE, 2nd and present Bt

1 Anne Catherine; b 5 Sept 1933; MAOT, SROT; m 9 Aug 1966 *Daniel Jose Emillo O’Connell, er s of Jose Maria O’Connell, of Buenos Aires, and has:

Arms: Quarterly: 1st and 4th, vert fretty or: 2nd and 3rd, vert fretty and a canton or charged with a cinquefoil azure pierced of the second.

Crest: Dexter, a falcon sitting on the stump of a tree with a branch springing from the dexter side, all proper; sinister, an arm couped at the elbow erect and habited or, doubled azure, holding in the hand proper a cinquefoil of the second, slipped vert, all within two wings expanded gold.

Moto: Incorrupta Fides ("Unbreakable faith").

 

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Extracts from an article - "Col. Sir Francis Henry Douglas Charlton Whitmore, K.C.B. (1941), C.M.G. (1918), D.S.O. (1917), T.D. (1918), R.A. of Orsett Hall, Essex; Lord of the Manors of Orsett, Stifford, Corringham, North Benfleet, and Little Thurrock; Lord Lieut. of Essex and Custos Rotulorum from 1936. H.S. (1922), C.C. (1918-16), D.L. (1907), J.P. (1899); mem Essex T.A. Assoc. from 1908, Chm. 1929-36, Pres. from 1936, mem T.A. Adv. Cttee., War Office 1935-37, mem Allotments Adv. Cttee., Min. of Agric. 1924-48; hon. Col. Essex Group A.A. Searchlight Cos. R.E. 1926-33, 104th (Essex Yeo.) regt. R.H.A. 1936-47, 147th (Essex Yeo.) Field Regt. R.A. 1940-47." - end of quote.

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Sir JOHN HENRY DOUGLAS WHITMORE (b. 1937), Creation (U.K.) 1954, of Orsett, co. Essex. For Coat of Arms see above.

Sir JOHN HENRY DOUGLAS WHITMORE, 2nd Baronet; b. Oct. 16th, 1937; s. his father, Col. Sir FRANCIS HENRY DOUGLAS CHARLTON, K.C.B., C.M.G., D.S.O., T.D., T.E.D., 1962; ed. at Eton: m. 1st 1962 (m. diss. 1969), Ella Gunilla, el. da. of Sven A. Hansson, of Danderyd, Sweden; 2ndly, 1977, Diana Elaine, el. da. of Fred. A. Becchetti, of California, USA, and had issue (by 1st m.).

Daughter (by 1st m.) - Tina, b. 1966.

Sister - Anne Catherine, b. 1933: m. 1966, Daniel Jose Emilio O'Connell. (Presidente Roca 150, Adrogué, FCGR, Buenos Aires, Argentina), and had issue, - Lucy Elizabeth, b. 1967, - Patricia Elena, b. 1969, - Anna Elisa, b. 1970.

Mother - Ellis Christense (Ellis, Lady Whitmore) (a DStJ), el. da. of Knud Christian Johnsen, of Bergen, Norway: m. 1931, as his second wife, Col. Sir Francis Henry Douglas Charlton Whitmore, KCB, CMG, DSO, TD, TED, 1st Bt., who d. 1962.

Sir William Whitmore of London (descended from Whitmores of Claverley, Salop) purchased the estate of Apley, Salop and d. 1648. His son, Sir Thomas Whitmore, was created a Bt. 1641. This title became ext. on the death of the 2nd Bt. in 1699. The present baronet descends from Richard Whitmore of Lower Slaughter, Glos, brother of 1st Bt. (cr. 1641). Capt. Thomas Charles Douglas Whitmore of Orsett Hall, Essex, father of 1st Bt. (cr. 1954), sold Apley in 1867. (see ref 3).

SIR JOHN HENRY DOUGLAS WHITMORE, 2ND BT, of Orsett, Essex [Sir John Whitmore Bt, Southfield, Leigh, nr Tonbridge, Kent TN11 8PJ]; b 16 Oct 1937; s f 1962; educ Eton, RMA Sandhurst and RAC Cirencester; chm Orsett Estate Co., racing driver (ret), sports psychologist; Dep Dir Centre for Internat Peacebuilding; author: The Winning Mind (1987), Superdriver (1988), Coaching for Performance (1992) and Need, Greed or Freedom (1997) (see ref 2); m lst 2 Nov 1962 (divorce 1969) Ella Gunilla, est dau of Sven A Hansson, OV, KLH, of Sweden, and has:

1 *Tina; b 31 March 1966

Sir JOHN m 2nd 1977 *Diana Elaine, er dau of Fred A Becchetti, of California, and by her has:

1 +JASON; b 26 Jan 1983

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References:

1. "The Compact Edition of the Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press.

2. "Burkes Peerage & Baronetage", 106th Edition 1999.

3. "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage", Debrett's Peerage Limited.

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